Boarding – Mohamed Nour
The city of Petra, capital of the Nabataean Arabs, is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world, it is Located 262 km south of Amman, Petra the world wonder is undoubtedly Jordan’s most valuable treasure and greatest tourist attraction, and it is visited by tourists from all over the world.
Petra is a unique example of an astonishing ancient civilization. More than 2,000 years ago, the Nabataean’s carved this city into the mountains, also Petra is known as the Rose City due to the color of the stone out of which it is carved, it is Established possibly as early as 312 BCE as the capital city of the Nabataeans .
The site remained unknown to the western world until 1812, when it was rediscovered by the Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt during his expedition, which was funded by the British Royal Geographical in the Levant, Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula.
Due to the centuries that lapsed before the rediscovery of the city by the outside world, Petra was named the “Lost City”.
In its heyday, the Nabatean Kingdom flourished to reach the north-west of the Arabian Peninsula where the city of Madian Saleh lies. It further extended its influence to the Red Sea shores of Sinai and the Horan Fields in Syria to Damascus.
The Nabatean Kingdom, along with its capital Petra, was surrounded by many ancient kingdoms and civilizations including the Pharaohs to the west, Tadmor to the north, and Mesopotamia to the east.
The Nabateans were famous for their advanced irrigation systems and water harvesting mechanisms
On December 6, 1985, Petra was designated a World Heritage Site,, also Petra was chosen by the Smithsonian Magazine as one of the 28 places you should visit them before you die.
On July 7, 2007 Petra was announced as one of the new Seven Wonders of the World and has become the perfect and best tourist destination for many leaders and celebrities around the world.
A beautiful monument and perfect exampel of the artistic intermarriage of styles between east and west.
It is located to the left of the road, the Tomb of Obelisks is one of the more unique buildings in Petra. Dating back to the first century BC, the tomb features one chamber containing five graves and four columns extending from the tomb, each measuring 7 meters in height.
In addition, there exists a statue among the obelisks of an older man who is thought to be the owner of the Tomb of Obelisks. The ground floor represents a funeral hall that was used for holding celebrations.
The Dam was renovated by the government in 1964 in the same style as the Nabataens. This Dam was built to protect their capital from floods that arrived during the seasonal rain from the mountains and hills across the valley.
The Siq, which is the main road leading to the city of Petra, starts at the Dam and ends at the opposite side of the vault, a split rock with length of about 1200 m and a width of 3-12 m, and height up to about 80 m; most of the rock is natural and another part was sculptured by the Nabataeans.
The Treasury is one of the most beautiful buildings in Petra. It was named the Treasury because the Bedouins used to believe the urns, which were sculpted on top of the Treasury, contained great treasures
As you enter heart of the city, the Nabataean theater is located on the left. It was built in the first century AD in the form an arc that is 95 meters in radius and 2.23 meters in height. It is carved in the rock with the exception of the front part.
The Tomb of the Roman Soldier and Funeral Ballroom
We believe that there was a courtyard between those two landmarks. Where the funeral ballroom is unique with its columns.
The Sextius Florentinus Tomb
Located northeast of the palace, the cemetery is lined with Latino inscription. The tomb dates back to Sextus Florentinos, the governor of the Arab state (129 AD), and the interface (37.10 m) and height (9.16 m) consist of two floors.